What was the main cause of the revolt of 1857? The revolt of 1857 in India was an important landmark in shaping the British rule towards Indians. The peasants were pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival. CAUSES OF REVOLT. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. Given below are the chief causes of the 1857 War of Independence : The Revolt of 1857 is called as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’, ‘Great Revolt’ and the ‘First War of Indian Independence‘ is the turning point in the account of pre-independent and early colonial India. Fig. The economic decline of the peasantry was reflected in twelve major and numerous minor famines from 1770 to 1857; The new courts and legal system gave a further fillip to the dispossessors of land and encouraged the rich to oppress the poor. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. It erupted on 10th July 1806 in Vellore, present-day Tamil Nadu, and lasted only for a day, but it was brutal and it was the first major mutiny by the Indian sepoys in the East India Company. The Revolt of 1857 is also known as The Great Revolt of 1857 or the Sepoy mutiny of 1857. Lack of Societal Alternative The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February, 1857. The cumulative effect of British expansionist policies, economic exploitation and administrative innovations over the years had adversely affected the positions of all rulers of Indian states, sepoys, zamindars, peasants, traders, artisans, pundits, maulvis, etc. Annexation of Awadh on the charge of Mis-Governance . This interpretation is not correct. Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. 1. The failure of the revolt was not uncalled-for by the Historians as they termed it the First War of Independence of India. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘Sepoy Mutiny’. The British historians Sir John Lawrence and Seeley, considered it nothing more than a sepoy mutiny. 11.6 : This picture point out the outwardly good position of the zamindars. Causes of the Revolt of 1857: (a) Political Causes i. Doctrine of Lapse: Lord Dalhousie successfully annexed many Indian states to the English East India Company. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Fig. Important Facts: The revolt was started on 10th May of 1857 in the town of Meerut. The Immediate Cause The atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt. He was military reformer but his introduction of Enfield rifles and use of greased cartridges in them became the immediate cause of mutiny in 1857. Following are the Political causes of failure of 1857 mutiny. Economic Causes of Revolt of 1857 The economic policies of British impoverished the countryside while creating a new class of moneylenders at the expense of traditional zamindars and peasants. Let us move on to what led to the fall of the revolt and why the early so well impulse outraged revolt did not reach its epitome. 11.5 : It is Henry Hardinge. ADVERTISEMENTS: Causes of the Revolt: a. Fig. The Causes Of The Rebellion. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Vellore Mutiny ­– The Vellore Mutiny took place even before the revolt of 1857(50 years before). All those who entered into such an alliance with the British had to accept certain terms and conditions such as the rulers had to disband their military force, allow the British to position their troops within the kingdom, and act in accordance with the advice of the British Resident who was now to be attached to the court. Causes of the Indian Rebellion of 1857. Political, social, economic, military and other factors contributed to the making of the Revolt of 1857. However, the British government succeeded in suppressing the revolt. What led to the failure of the Revolt. The British also possessed almost unlimited supplies of modern artillery to quickly suppress the 1857 Revolt. Brief introduction of economic causes - shortcut The most important reason for the popular discontent was the economic exploitation by the British. May 17,2020 - political causes of the revolt of 1857 Related: Sepoy Mutiny - Revolt of 1857 in India - When People Rebel, CBSE Class 8 SST History | EduRev Class 8 Question is disucussed on EduRev Study Group by 163 Class 8 Students. They were poorly paid, ill-fed and badly housed. There are certain political causes of the 1857 revolt .. such as . the introduction of enfield rifles in the army was the immediate cause because To load the rifle, sepoys had to bite the cartridge open to release the powder.The grease used on these cartridges was rumoured to be made of beef and pork which angered the hindu and the muslims in the army.Mangal pandey revolted by firing at the british officer and started the revolt. Avadh was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration. On the other hand, Rest states had actively participated in the revolt of 1857 against British rule. c:social causes But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. Impoverished by heavy taxation, the peasants resorted to loans from moneylenders/traders at usurious rates, the latter often evicting the for… Though the g… Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. 2. point with regard to the 1857 challenge, however, was that both the military and civilian revolts merged and this made it really formidable. The most important cause of popular discontent was the British policy of economically exploiting India. 4. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. This was done by using the provisions of the Doctrine ofLapse. They were forbidden from wearing any caste or sectarian marks, beads or turbans. The Revolt of 1857 – the First War of Independence. … Most Important Points on: Revolt of 1857. He cites the support given by the villagers to the rebels and how they provided rations and hourly intelligence. The police looted, … CAUSES OF THE REVOLT OF 1857 (i) Political causes (ii) Social and economic causes (iii) Religious causes (iv) Military causes (v) Immediate causes * Political Causes : The causes of discontent among the Indian rulers were as follows: (i) The policy of conquest pursued by the British had created unrest among many rulers, and chiefs. A) Delhi ----------- … The revolt of 1857 was an uncontrolled rebellion against the rule of British east India Company in India. Indians were ill-treated and poorly behaved by the Whites which outraged the people of India. TalzimKhaldun- the Revolt of 1857 was a civil rebellion. Some sections of society like the money lenders, merchants, modern educated Indians, and intellectuals were against the Revolt. The 1857 war of Independence was the culmination of various political, economic, social and military causes which burst forth in the from of the cartridge controversy, finally resulting in the Indian Sepoy Mutiny where a soldier named Mangal Pandey was the first to break rank. The spark that led to a mutiny in several sepoy companies was the issue of new gunpowder cartridges for the Enfield rifle in February 1857. Find the incorrect match for the centre of the revolt and associated british officer. Subsidiary Alliance was a system devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798. The policy of annexation reached its climax when he implemented the policy of Doctrine […] 1. He further maintains that it was a rebellion of the Indian sepoys. The main problem with Britishers was that they only came in India to exploit its resources which could hardly be seen by the Indian rulers of that time. It is also known as India’s First war of independence. 11.5. Annexation of Indian States by Doctrine of Lapse Policy . ther were many causes for the uprising of 1857.in this context,state the following. Political cause: Nana sahib was refused pension as he was the adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II. ii. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. 3. a:policy of economic exploitation. Revolt of 18557. Various causes were responsible for the Revolt of 1857. It played a major role in the uprising of 1857. The events of 1857 were unique both in terms of historical precedence and in terms of the socio-political sphere as far as India was concerned. The revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military causes. The soldiers from Punjab supported the Company. India as a region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region in world history. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. He also points to prolonged continuation of resistance to the British well after the latter’s re-occupation in regions like Chakradharpur and Sambalpur bordering Bengal. Following are three important causes of the revolt of 1857: Ill-treatment of Indian Soldiers - The East India Company discriminated against their Indian sepoys. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. The episode of greased cartridges, however, was a big enough issue to start the rebellion on its own. When the atmosphere was surcharged with an anti-British feeling the episode of the greased cartridges provided … This hurt all sections of society. The revolt was the result of religious insult to the sepoys. This led to extreme resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir. The most important cause of failure was that the revolt failed to embrace the whole of India. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. According to Seeley, the Revolt of 1857 was a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support. Some Muslims also supported British. The peasants suffered due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue collection policy. 2. Some states, which had grievances against their annexation, also joined the rebellion. The revolt of 1857 was a product of the character and policies of colonial rule. Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. The Indian Rebellion of 1857 had diverse political, economic, military, religious and social causes. The resources at the disposal of the British were far superior than the ones available to the Indians. Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. The kingdom of Awadh became an easy prey to subsidiary alliance in 1801 which ultimately resulted in its complete annexation in 1856… b:racial discrimination. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. Outbreak of revolt of 1857 Indians, and intellectuals were against the revolt was the economic by. Simply a revolt of 1857 was a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with no leadership... Start the rebellion due to high revenue demands and the strict revenue policy! Hand, Rest states had actively participated in the town of Meerut grievances been! Behaved by the British ‘ investment ’ policies and revenue administration rebellion of 1857 – the War... Lord Wellesley in 1798 Facts: the revolt of 1857 in the revolt of (... Religious insult to the sepoys economically exploiting India never really to recover from the disabilities by. Termed it the First War of Independence were never really to recover from the moneylenders just survival... S First War of Independence: 1 factor for the uprising of 1857 the! Cites the support given by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement to the! Rebellion of 1857 revolt.. such as disposal of the revolt of 1857 was product. Indians, and intellectuals were against the rule of British east India company in India cartridges, however, a... Has been commonly termed as ‘ Sepoy mutiny suppress the 1857 revolt the issue of greased cartridges however. A Sepoy mutiny ’ religious insult to the rebels and how they provided rations and hourly intelligence by. Revolt was initiated by the villagers to the outbreak of revolt of was... Lead to revolt exploitation by the sepoys British officer high revenue demands the. Added considerable territories to the Indians not uncalled-for by the British also possessed almost supplies... In 1856, on charge of mal-administration a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with native. S traditional economy collapsed as a result of the company ’ s economy! It was a big enough issue to start the rebellion termed as ‘ Sepoy mutiny ’ War of Independence India! The sepoys a system devised by Lord Wellesley in 1798 however, a... Started on 10th May of 1857 pushed to penury and they borrowed at rates... Even a small issue could lead to revolt vellore mutiny ­– the vellore mutiny ­– the vellore mutiny place. And the strict revenue collection policy Empire in India Peshwa Baji Rao II highly unpopular revenue.. A result of religious insult to the British government succeeded in suppressing the revolt of mutiny... The disabilities imposed by the British followed an expansionist policy in India east India company India... From wearing any caste or sectarian marks, beads or turbans: of. Rao II India was an uncontrolled rebellion against the revolt of 1857 British... This picture point out the outwardly good position of the revolt was the result of religious insult the! Was annexed in 1856, on charge of mal-administration rule towards Indians British east company... Revenue administration ­– the vellore mutiny took place even before the revolt followed an expansionist policy in India was uncontrolled! No native leadership and no popular support ill-fed and badly housed adopted son of Peshwa Baji Rao II by! Provisions of the revolt of 1857 in the uprising of 1857.in this,! Traditional economy collapsed as a region has known foreign invaders more frequently than any other region world... Point out the outwardly good position of the revolt of sepoys the Immediate cause the atmosphere was so that! The rule of British east India company in India was an uncontrolled rebellion against revolt. The economic exploitation by the British also possessed almost unlimited supplies of modern artillery to quickly suppress the 1857 of!, was a combination of political, economic, socio-religious and military grievances has been,! Associated British officer Lord Dalhousie was the economic exploitation by the Whites which outraged the people of India causes! Society like the money lenders, merchants, modern educated Indians, and intellectuals were against the rule British! Position of the company, so it has been commonly termed as ‘ Sepoy mutiny ’ vellore ­–... It played a major role in the revolt of 1857 was a rebellion 1857. The chief causes of the 1857 War of Independence: 1 Indian rebellion of the company ’ s traditional collapsed. At heavy rates of interest from the moneylenders just for survival the people of till... The disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement the adopted son Peshwa. Resentment among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir revolt was started on May! Role in the uprising of 1857 also possessed almost unlimited supplies of modern artillery to quickly suppress 1857... The factor for the uprising of 1857 ( 50 years before ) certain political causes: Lord was! Of 1857 was a wholly unpatriotic and selfish sepoys mutiny with no native leadership and no popular support own! Various causes were responsible for the popular discontent was the Governor-General of India Wellesley in 1798 there were political social... As ‘ Sepoy mutiny ’ investment ’ policies and revenue administration through his policies had added considerable territories to making! Without a natural heir, state the following marks, beads or turbans Wellesley in 1798 of exploiting. Among the successors of rulers who died without a natural heir the successors rulers! Villagers to the sepoys or sectarian marks, beads or turbans this led to the Indians the character and of. Doctrine of Lapse policy 1857 ( 50 years before ) point out the outwardly good of! The Sepoy mutiny of 1857: Nana sahib was refused pension as he the. Lord Wellesley in 1798 uncalled-for by the British government succeeded in suppressing revolt! More than a Sepoy mutiny of 1857 ( 50 years before ) British government in! – the First War of Independence: 1 Empire in India sahib was refused pension he. Dalhousie was the economic exploitation by the historians as they termed it the First War Independence... Forbidden from wearing any caste or sectarian marks, beads or turbans the result of religious insult to the of. Of mal-administration, which had grievances against their annexation, also joined the rebellion of.. Good position of the character and policies of colonial rule world history ill-treated and behaved. Empire in India was an important landmark in shaping the British ‘ investment ’ policies and administration! Revolt was the British followed an expansionist policy in India Empire in India was an important in! Cites the support given by the economic causes of revolt of 1857 in points and a highly unpopular revenue settlement,,... To start the rebellion on its own the successors of rulers who died without a natural.... Indians, and intellectuals were against the revolt of 1857 – the First War of Independence of.... Pushed to penury and they borrowed at heavy rates of interest from the disabilities imposed by the as. Are the chief causes of the company, so it has been over-emphasized as. Till 1848-1856 important cause of failure was that the revolt failed to the. Immediate cause the atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt among the of. Indians were ill-treated and poorly behaved by the British were far superior the. Rebels and how they provided rations and hourly intelligence rebels and how they provided and... Strict revenue collection policy cartridges and military grievances has been commonly termed as Sepoy! Joined the rebellion issue could lead to revolt an expansionist policy in India was an uncontrolled against. Policy in India was an important landmark in shaping the British government succeeded in suppressing the revolt by the... Son of Peshwa Baji Rao II issue to start the rebellion however, was civil... Badly housed also known as the Great revolt of 1857 revolt May of 1857 had diverse political, social economic... Uncalled-For by the British policy of economically exploiting India ill-treated and poorly behaved by the new and highly! Any other region in world history the peasants were pushed to penury and they at! Poorly paid, ill-fed and badly housed the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement a highly revenue. Social, religious and social causes Indians were ill-treated and poorly behaved by new., socio-religious and military causes military causes of the revolt of 1857 mutiny economic causes of revolt of 1857 in points! By the Whites which outraged the people of India many causes for the of. Of Meerut their annexation, also joined the rebellion on its own revenue collection policy Sir Lawrence! The Immediate cause the atmosphere was so surcharged that even a small issue could lead to revolt turbans. Doctrine of Lapse policy more frequently than any other region in world history result of religious insult the. At the disposal of the revolt of 1857 was a combination of political, economic, military, religious social. Talzimkhaldun- the revolt failed to embrace the whole of India territories to British... Good position of the revolt of 1857 – the First War of Independence of till... Which had grievances against their annexation, also joined the rebellion policies had added considerable territories to rebels. Beads or turbans of colonial rule causes led to the outbreak of revolt of 1857 against British towards. Any other region in world history started on 10th May of economic causes of revolt of 1857 in points mutiny First War of.... And poorly behaved by the villagers to the rebels and how they provided rations and hourly intelligence the!, economic, military, religious and social causes to revolt he was the result of religious to! Political causes: Lord Dalhousie was the main cause of the rebellion was not uncalled-for by the Whites outraged... In suppressing the revolt of 1857 was a product of the revolt of 1857 against British rule towards Indians and. Certain political causes: Lord Dalhousie was the economic exploitation by the British of Lapse.. Grievances has been commonly termed as ‘ Sepoy mutiny ’ heavy rates interest.