The Derawar Fort has its origins in legends dating back to the 12th century. a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan. Derawar Fort is located outside the city of Bahawalpur in Central Pakistan, approximately 200 miles southwest of Lahore. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is a culmination of years of his work and passion. Derawar Fort or Qila Derawar is a gigantic citadel in Bahawalpur district, on the edge of Cholistan Desert, in southern Punjab, Pakistan.Square in shape and towering over the wide stretch of surrounding semi-desert, the massive fort can easily be seen from miles. [4], James Tod writes that Bhatti Chief Deoraj had two sons, Moond and Chadu ; the last, by a wife of the Baraha tribe, had five sons, whose descendants were styled Chada Rajputs. There were three rows of these forts. Voices of South Asia. They are all in ruins now, and you can see that they were built with double walls of gypsum blocks and mud. Derawar Fort. The Derawar Fort has its origins in legends dating back to the 12th century. The fort was taken over by the Sadeq Mohammad Khan I in 1733 and it remained as the desert abode … [8]. That’s right you heard it right it’s FREE. Filed Under: Castle/Fortress Tagged With: Central Asia. Derawar Fort A large square fort with 40 Bastian standing 100 ft high in desert is very attractive. Wittenberg, Germany It changed hands several times. [5], James Tod writes that When the sons of Bhatti Rao Raningdeo became converts to Islam, in order to avenge their father's feud with the Rathore prince of Nagore, they forfeited their inheritance of Poogul and Marot, and thenceforward mixed with the Abhoria Bhattis, and their descendants are termed Momun Musalman Bhutti. It is not easily accessible, and requires off-road transit across desert terrain. The rare visitors who make it here, and the rarer still who are permitted entrance by the Abbasi family, are swept back centuries in time in one of the most authentically preserved castles still in use anywhere. Jajja and Deva Sidh were two Bhati Rajas, Deva Sidh being the sister’s son of Jajja. Almost every French monarch is buried here, and almost nobody goes here. Click here for […]. In the two decades since he has traveled to more than two dozen countries and almost every state, visiting and photographing hundreds of the world’s greatest churches, synagogues and other places of religious interest. Pakistan, like India, was home to many great fortresses of the late medieval and colonial eras. The purpose of this article is to give you a brief overview of what this decision means and why it matters. The fort situated in the heart of Cholistan desert has its own unique history: the walls and magnificent structure of the fort that covers miles of land in the desert are a testimony of past’s great lifestyle and culture. Because of this there is no regular visitor information. Located in the middle of the Cholistan Desert, maintained in excellent condition, not easily accessible by roads, and still guarded by soldiers in traditional uniforms, the Derawar Fort may be one of the best travel experiences in Asia. Access to the fort is restricted, requiring permission to enter from the Abbasi family. Most of what is standing today dates from this period. He first took an interest in religious sites in his early twenties when traveling through Italy after college. Howard Kramer is the creator and author of The Complete Pilgrim. The people are racially similar to those in Rajasthan - tall, with sharp features. They live in large, round, mud and grass huts, usually built on the top of sandhills. The Derawar Fort is one of the most visually stunning desert castles in Asia. The Derawar mosque in front of the massive fort after which it was named. Deoraj escaped to the house of the Purohit (of the Barahas, it is presumed), whither he was pursued. HISTORY • The Rohtas fort was built to crush the local tribes of Potohar, who rebelled against the Sur dynasty after the Mughal emperor Humayun was ousted by the former • The tribes included, Awans, Janjua Rajputs, Dhund Abbasi, Kayanis, Minhas … You can make an interesting and history trip from Bahawalpur to Derawar Fort. The main tribes are the Chhachhar, Mehr, Lar, Paryar, Channar, Chandani and Bohar. Learn how your comment data is processed. Derawar Fort is a picture of ruin and desolation. The historic Derawar Fort, enormous and impressive structure in the heart of Cholistan desert, is rapidly crumbling and if the immediate preventative measures are not taken, the edifice will be destroyed and the historians, researchers and sightseers deprived of the view of the legacy of the bygone era. We would love to hear from you. She was rejoiced to behold her son's face, and " waved the salt over his head," then threw it into the water, exclaiming, " thus may your enemies melt away !" Laudrva was sacked and the younger brother killed. Deoraj excavated several large lakes in the territory of Khadal (in which Deorawal is situated) ; one at Tanot is called Tanosar ; another, after himself, Deosar. The journey to desert is very adventurous on carpeted road, large fields of wheat crops on both sides of the road, camels, goats, cows and large patches of brown sand. The Derawar Fort’s symmetry with the history and the landscape has been of significance to for the people of the region. Welcome to The Complete Pilgrim(TM)! The water is stored in troughs, built by the tribes, between sandhills and din waterholes called tobas. This stronghold is the largest and most magnificent fort in Cholistan. At one time there were 400 forts in the area and archaeological finds around the Derawar Fort, the only place with a perennial waterhole, indicate that it was contemporaneous with the Indus Valley Civilisation. Throughout the 18th century, the Derawar Fort became a strategic prize in a local war between the states of Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur. The journey to desert is very adventurous on carpeted road, large fields of wheat crops on both sides of the road, camels, goats, cows and large patches of brown sand. Derawar Fort in Central Pakistan is one of the oldest and largest intact fortresses in Southern Asia. Made out of millions of bricks it is a formidable structure and definitely worth the drive to visit. East of Bahawalpur is the Cholistan Desert which covers an area of about 15,000 km2 and extends into the Thar Desert of India. Like the Kot Digi Fort, Derawar Fort is massive and sensational. This site, created by Howard Kramer, is a combination travel blog and online guide to the world's greatest sites of religious interest (with some historic and recreational places thrown in for good measure). The beauty of entire Cholistan Desert could be seen from the fort. Until a couple of decades ago, formal permission to visit the fort was issued from Sadiqgarh Palace by the Nawab. Derawar Fort is a large square fortress in Pakistan in Bahawalpur. James Tod[9] writes that The warriors assembled under Visaladeva Chauhan against the Islam invader included the ruler of Derawar Fort. In S. 892, he had a son by the Boota queen, who was called Deoraj. Last month, I visited one of the most fascinating churches I have ever been to, the almost completely ignored Basilica of St. Denis in the northern suburbs of Paris. [7], Rao Kailan had established his authority over nine castles, heads of districts, viz., Asini Kot or Aswini-kote, Beekumpoor, Marote, Poogul, Deorawul, Kerore (twenty-two coss, or about forty miles, from Bahawulpore), Guman, Bahun, Nadno, and Matailoh, on the Indus. The fort was taken over by the Nawab of Bahawalpur, Sadeq Mohammad Khan I, in 1733 They in turn lost control of the fort in 1747 but took the stronghold back in 1804 and it remained as the desert abode of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur until the 1970s. All written content has been originally researched and produced and is provided free for public research and enjoyment. Some of these structures are still standing today, though others have fallen into ruins. Settlements, including those of the Indus Valley Civilization, once thrived in the region. The Derawar Fort is 100 Km from Bahawalpur, actually the largest and most superlatively preserved fort of … James Tod writes Beeji Rao had succeeded as Bhatti Chief in S. 870 (A.D. 814). The Complete Pilgrim - Religious Travel Sites, Howard Kramer's, The Complete Pilgrim, Religious Travel Site, December 20, 2014 By Howard Kramer Leave a Comment. http://www.jatland.com/w/index.php?title=Derawar_Fort&oldid=350626. Derawar was fortified and its importance enhanced further. Derawar Fort became a permanent possession of Bahawalpur in 1804. [6], On this event, Kailan, the third son of the Rawal Kehar II, took possession of the forfeited lands, and besides Beekampur, regained Deorawul, which had been conquered by their ancient foes, the Dahya Rajputs. Derawar fort was built in the 9th c. by Rai Jajja Bhatti. The Rohtas Fort, while not as old as Derawar, has older sections still standing and is considered to be one of the finest architectural examples in Pakistan. Derawar Fort is in Bahawalpur (Hindi: बहावलपुर, Punjabi/Urdu: بہاولپور) District in the Punjab province in Pakistan.Bahawalpur was also a princely state, stretching along the southern bank of the Sutlej and Indus Rivers, with its capital city at Bahawalpur. Preserving history: Harappa, Fort Derawar sites to be conserved Work on Derawa­r Fort will hopefu­lly start in 30-45 days, offici­als say By APP / Photo: Kashif Zafar However, in the nineteenth century they recaptured the fort and maintained their stronghold in the area for a long time. It is a square fort and each wall is 204.8 meters (672 feet) long, vertical 30 meters (98.4 feet) high and its total circumference of the walls is 1500 meters (4921.5 feet). On the whole, they are pastoral and nomadic. Derawar Fort A large square fort with 40 Bastian standing 100 ft high in desert is very attractive. It’s very difficult to reach Derawar Fort in its remote location, and typically one needs to hire a special guide to take them on the full-day journey to the site of the fort. According to the historical records, the foundation stone of Derawar fort was laid around 800 years ago. The younger brother, Vijayraj Lanjha, had been named as successor and took power upon their father’s death. | history of drawer fort in Urdu | 9th Century | Cholistan | history of drawer fort The region was once watered by the Hakra River, known as the Saravati in vedic times. There being no hope of escape, the Brahmin threw the Brahminical thread round the neck of the young prince, and in order to convince his pursuers that they were deceived as to the object of their search, he sat down to eat with him from the same dish. Among the highlights of the fortress interior are the tombs of the rulers and their families. Thank you for visiting! [2], This deception practised by the Bhatti chief to obtain land on which to erect a fortress is not unknown in other parts of India, and in more remote regions. The tombs of the Amirs of Bahawalpur are also at Derawar, decorated with attractive blue glazed tiles contrasting with the ochre landscape. This historically significant fort is an enormous and impressive structure in the heart of the Cholistan desert. Derawar Fort Derawar is located at 28˚46’04” N and 71˚20’02” E. (Mughal, 1997, 153) Many names have been This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. [1], Deoraj remained for a long time concealed in the territory of the Barahas ; but at length he ventured to Boota, his maternal abode, where he had the happiness to find his mother, who had escaped the massacre at Tanot. Built on a small rise on the otherwise flat plain of the Cholistan Desert, it can be seen from miles around. During the entire reign of the Nawabs of Bahawalpur, the fort was maintained from time to time and wa… Derawar Fort is a 9th century human marvel. Bhatner owes its name to this expedient, from the division (bhatna) of the hide. Amazingly, this fortified palace, which was periodically used as a residence by the rulers of Jaisalmer, remained in in their possession for nearly six centuries. He wasted no time in driving out the older brother, Rawal Jaisal, and securing the capital at Laudrva for his own. By mid of eighteenth century this fort was conquered by Daudputra rulers of Bahawalpur. During one period when it was held by Bahawalpur, the fortress was substantially reconstructed. Howard Kramer is the creator and author of The Complete Pilgrim. Email us at hkramer@thecompletepilgrim.com. The walls have a circumference of 1.5 km. For this expedient he was indebted to the architect Kekeya, who had constructed the castle of Bhatner. Click here for complete article, by Mary Neuhauser President Trump recently announced his intentions to move the United States Embassy in Israel from Tel Aviv to Jerusalem, thereby recognizing Jerusalem as the official capital of Israel. Derawar Fort Derawar Fort Bahawalpur is found 100 km (62 miles) from Pakistan. The fort has an unusual triangular layout, with massive walls that appear even higher than they are thanks to the surrounding level landscape. Derawar Fort is situated 100 km south of Bahawalpur city in Ahmed Pur Tehsil, Southen Punjab. Because of its attachment to the predominantly Muslim territory of the region, Derawar Fort was incorporated into Pakistan when it declared independence in 1947, thus separating it from Jaisalmer which wound up on the Indian side of the border. The fort situated in the heart of Cholistan desert has its own unique history: the walls and magnificent structure of the fort that covers miles of land in the desert are a testimony of its past great lifestyle and culture. The fort’s most distinguishing external feature are the huge, rounded tower-like ramparts that just out from the walls at extremely short intervals. It is although a national symbol of Pakistan but not a public property and still legally owned by Bahawalpur’s royal family. In the 1150s, the state of Jaisalmer in what is now Northwestern India and Central Pakistan was wracked by a feud between two brothers of the Bhati dynasti. In 300 Hijri, Jajja ruled over the modern tahsils of Khanpur and Ahmedpur East. The Derawar Fort is one of the fortresses located in the Cholistan Desert (known locally as Rohi), which adjoins the western part of the Thar Desert. The majestic Derawar Fort, standing in the midst of the Cholistan Desert, is a famed hallmark of Bahawalpur. Derawar Fort is a stronghold located in what is today Bahawalpur, in the Pakistani province of Punjab. In order to secure this desert frontier he erected an early fortress at Derawar. The Derawar fort has around 40 bastions that stand 30 feet high. Here are some pics I took: Have a comment, a great photo or a religious site you'd like to nominate for the weekly spotlight? It stands tall despite the wear and tear from the past centuries, and its stupendous structure is what prompts awe in the tourists that come to … The Derawar Fort remains a possession of the Amirs of Bahawalpur and is actively maintained and guarded. Derawar fort is also known as “Qila Derawar” is in the semi desert of Cholistan. He commenced his reign with the teeka-dour against his old enemies, the Barahas, whom be defeated and plundered. However, it was conquered and completely rebuilt by the Nawabs of Bahawalpur in 1733 AD. Around 600 BC, however, the river changed its c… The fort was built by Rai Jajja Bhatti, a Rajput ruler of Bhatti clan, in the 9th century AD as a tribute to Rawal Deoraj Bhatti, a Rajput sovereign King of Jaisalmer and Bahawalpur area. Derawar fort is the best surviving example of this series of historic forts, some dating from pre-Mughal times, but all restored and expanded from the 16th to 18th century by powerful local clans. With canon’s still displayed on the wall tops and armed guards still on patrol, Derawar Fort offers an almost unparalled trip back in time for visitors. The forts here were built at 29 km intervals, which probably served as guard posts for the camel caravan routes. Tanot was invested and taken, and nearly every soul in it put to the sword, so that the very name of Bhatti was for a while extinct. Copyright © 2020 The Complete Pilgrim, LLC || Marietta, GA 30068 ||, 5 PLACES TO VISIT IN HISTORIC PHILADELPHIA – MUSLIM TRAVEL ROCKS, MOVING THE U.S. EMBASSY TO JERUSALEM – FAITH IN FAITHS. He first took an interest in religious sites in his early twenties when traveling through Italy after college. Apart from Derawar Fort, other strongholds in this network of forts that cuts across the Cholistan Desert include the Marotgarh Fort, the Khangarh Fort, and the Islamgarh Fort. Some of them date back to 1000 BC, and were destroyed and rebuilt many times. Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar) is in good condition, its walls are intact and still guarded by soldiers in fezes. In the two decades since he has traveled to more than two dozen countries and almost every state, visiting and photographing hundreds of the world’s greatest churches, synagogues and other places of religious interest. [3], Deoraj immediately commenced erecting a place of strength, which he called after himself Deogarh, or Deorawal, on Monday, the 5th of the month Mah (sudi) the Pookh Nikhitra, S. 909 (853 AD). Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar) is built by Hindu Rajput Rai Jajja Bhati of Jaisalmer in the Cholistan desert of Bahawalpur Pakistan. When the summons reached the Bhomia Bhatti of Derawal all obeyed. Your email address will not be published. You can make interesting excursions from Bahawalpur, full day trip requiring a four-wheel drive vehicle to Derawar Fort (Qila Derawar), through the semi-desert of cholistan. Been originally researched and produced and is actively maintained and guarded for this expedient, from the Abbasi.... The capital at Jaisalmer ochre landscape miles around tahsils of Khanpur and Ahmedpur East looks its most impressive -,... Upon their father ’ s death james Tod writes Beeji Rao had succeeded as Bhatti Chief S.... 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