A survey of rice farms in Benin in 2006 revealed disadoption of a once popular herbicide (Garil, a mix of propanil and triclopyr) as it became less efficient (Kouazoundé, 2006). Registered for use in the U.S. Rodeo®, the isopropylamine (ipa) salt of glyphosate formulated without a surfactant was found to be the least toxic, with a LC5 and LC50 of 3,779 and 5,407 mg acid equivalent (AE)/L, respectively. Butoxyethyl ester has a greater potential for surface-water runoff and waterway contamination than the triethylamine salt, due to its low soil adsorption capacity. The crop responsible for the largest usage of benfluralin is lettuce, followed by alfalfa. Triclopyr is most effective when applied to actively growing plants. references Weedbusters: Herbicides & Trade Names Lawn Care … 57213-69-1. Annual bluegrass (Poa), crabgrass, foxtail, goosegrass, Botton weed, clover (white), dandelion, knotweed, dichondra, mallow, plantain (broadleaf), Clover (white), dandelion, dichondra, knotweed, plantain (broadleaf). The 2,4-D resistance trait that was eventually used for HR crop (cotton and soybean) development was the aryloxyalkanoate di-oxygenase 12 (AAD-12) gene from Delftia acidovorans, discovered and expressed in plants using biotechnology tools (Wright et al., 2010). The DMO enzyme converts dicamba to the non-phytotoxic products 3,6-dichlorosalicylic acid (DCSA) and formaldehyde (Dumitru et al., 2009). The removal of weeds is usually done manually using a hoe. Many studies on herbicide–mycorrhiza interactions have been conducted in laboratory conditions and the results have varied from stimulated growth to suppression of growth depending on the rate of active ingredients used and specific fungal species investigated (reviewed by Trappe et al., 1984). 100 g/L Picloram present as the triisopropanolamine salt. Triclopyr is an herbicide used to control woody plants and many broadleaf weeds including rights-of-way, industrial areas, forestry, railways, rangeland, home lawns, and permanent grass pastures, rice, turf, and plantation crops such as palm oil. $ Triclopyr is sold predominately as a triclopyr triethylamine salt (TEA) or triclopyr butoxyethyl ester (BEE) (1). 200 g/L Triclopyr present as the triethylamine salt. Fish can conjugate amino acids with xenobiotics (e.g., 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, the herbicide triclopyr, p-amino benzoic acid) and endogenous compounds (e.g., bile acids, phenylacetic acid) to enhance excretion. Reasons behind this effect are not clear, however, rising CO2 levels may alter transpiration, reduce the number of leaf stomata or alter the thickness of the weed leaf, and thereby reduce the absorption or uptake of the pesticide (Ziska, 2008). Triclopyr acid has different formulations for aquatic and terrestrial use. As of 1998, 2,4-D still was the most widely used herbicide on turf (26% of total a.i. Nonagricultural use includes turf, golf courses, ornamentals, Christmas tree plantations, fence rows/hedgerows, and rights of way. Copyright © 2020 Elsevier B.V. or its licensors or contributors. Herbicide Details Chemical Formula: [(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl)oxy]acetic acid Trade Names: There are two basic formulations of triclopyr: a triethylamine salt (triclopyr amine or salt), and a butoxyethyl ester (triclopyr ester). Target species for benfluralin include Johnson grass seedlings, chickweed, lamb quarters, purslane, knotweed, clover, and barnyard grass. %PDF-1.5 [40 CFR 180.417 (a)(2)]: in or on the following agricultural commodities: egg 0.05 ppm; meat, fat, and meat byproducts, except kidney and liver, of cattle, goat, hog, horse and sheep 0.05 ppm; meat, fat, and meat byproducts, except kidney, of poultry 0.1 ppm; milk 0.01 ppm; liver and kidney of cattle, goat, hog, horse and sheep 0.5 ppm; rice, grain 0.3 ppm; rice, straw 10.0 ppm. 0 The effects of glyphosate and triclopyr on the embryonic development of Xenopus laevis were evaluated using the frog embryo teratogenesis assay - Xenopus (FETAX). Broadleaf weeds are controlled predominantly using postemergence herbicides (e.g., Trimec mixtures of 2,4-D, dicamba, and mecoprop; dicamba itself; and Confront mixtures of triclopyr plus clopyralid). These herbicides and some additional compounds used for weed control on turfgrass, along with their structures and effective weed targets, are given in Table 5.4. cumyluron. Benfluralin affects seed germination and prevents weed growth by inhibition of root development. 5. Benfluralin is a preemergent herbicide registered to control monocot (one cotyledon: plant embryo with single ‘seed leaf’) and dicot (two cotyledon: plant embryo with two ‘seed leaves’) weeded species in commercial and residential applications. In contrast, glyphosate at 0.8 and 3 mg/kg reduced mycorrhizal spore counts when applied directly to the soil (Druille et al., 2013a,b) but had no effect when applied to plant foliage (Druille et al., 2013b). Richard P. Pohanish, in Sittig's Handbook of Pesticides and Agricultural Chemicals (Second Edition), 2015, Acetic acid, [(3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyl)oxy]-; Triclopyr, triethylamine salt; 3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinyloxyacetic acid, [Note: See the following record, Triclopyr, triethylamine salt, for trade names containing the salt of triclopry] ACCESS®; CROSSBOW®, (triclopyr + 2,4-D ester); ET®; GARLON®; GRAZON® Triclopyr; PATHFINDER®; REDEEM®; RELY®; REMEDY®; RIVERDALE TAHOE® Nufarm (Australia); TURFLON®. Johnson, in Advances in Agronomy, 2009. Similar questions surround the results of Ramos-Zapata et al. The effects of glyphosate ([N‐phosphonomethyl]glycine) and triclopyr ([[3,5,6‐trichloro‐2‐pyridinyl]oxy]acetic acid) on the embryonic development of Xenopus laevis were evaluated using Frog Embryo Teratogenesis Assay—Xenopus (FETAX). In flooded cultivation, the constant soil moisture encourages weed growth. 5 Rabbits had some skin irritation when exposed to triclopyr for 24 hours. HB98N76S9A. Lack of effective weed control methods constitutes one of the major causes of low yields in rice production. trietazine. Benfluralin affects seed germination and prevents weed growth by inhibition of root development. It enters into the environment through its production and use. Triclopyr triethylamine salt is a selective systemic herbicide that is rapidly absorbed by the green bark, leaves, and roots and distributed throughout the plant. endobj Triclopyr triethylammonium salt. One or two weedings are also needed, the first one early and the other one before tillering. In California, where more recent use data are available, use of triclopyr … Related Resources. The primary usage of benfluralin is on commercial and residential turf. Resistance may be accelerated by the continuous use of a single product which in turn can be a consequence of the limited range of products available on the local market; a common constraint to small farmers in Africa. ... For rapid knockdown and control of various grass and broadleaved weeds when mixed with certain glyphosate and paraquat/diquat herbicides, and for the control of volunteer cotton when applied alone, prior to sowing cotton and its rotation crops, or for rapid knockdown and control of various … Triclopyr accumulates in the meristematic tissue (growth region) of the plant. Resistance was achieved by introducing a dmo (dicamba mono-oxygenase) gene into the crops from the soil bacterium Stenotrophomonas maltophilia. Rats fed triclopyr for two generations had smaller litters and smaller offspring than did unexposed rats. There are residue tolerances for only some of these uses. Triclopry is usually available as a triclopyr butoxyethyl ester (BEE) or as a triclopry triethylamine salt (TEA). In this situation, chemical weed control consists of spreading an herbicide emulsion or granules under water or of spraying only after drying out the rice field. Garlon 3A. Rodeo ®, the isopropylamine (ipa) salt of glyphosate formulated without a surfactant was found to be the least toxic, with a LC5 … <> Thus, timing of application is critical and should be made 1–4 weeks before expected seed germination. g e Trade name Reg Nr Active … The active ingredient triethylamine salt (3,5,6-trichloro-2-pyridinyloxyacetic acid), commonly called triclopyr, is the formulation registered for use in aquatic systems. In Egypt, Conyza bonariensis (Hairy fleabane) is reported to be resistant to paraquat, but this weed is of no significance in rice. Benfluralin can be used alone or formulated with other structurally related preemergent herbicides. From: Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014, S. Ramasahayam, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. Although hand weeding is largely used, herbicides such as Basagran (bentazon), Basagran PL2 (bentazon + propanil), MCPA (i.e., Agritox, Agroxone, Chiptox, Rhonox), and Butachlor (butachlor) are also applied by farmers at rates listed on product labels. 2 0 obj Acc~rd~SP (isopropylamine salt of glyphosate), Garlons3A (triethylamine salt of triclopyr), and GarlonB4 (butoxyethyl ester of triclopyr) are products of Dow AgroSciences LLC, Indianapolis, IN, and RoundupmPro Dry (ammonium salt of glyphosate) is a product of the Monsanto Company, St. Louis, MO. These materials have proven highly effective by providing excellent weed control with little or no injury to turf. Triclopyr triethylamine. The control of grass weeds is primarily accomplished by the application of preemergence herbicides (e.g., benzamide, ethofumesate, pendimethalin, prodiamine, oxadiazon, bensulide, dithiopyr, and simazine). The herbicidal activity of triclopyr is more rapid than that of glyphosate. The results of field and greenhouse studies are also variable: for example, studies investigating a range of herbicides including trifluralin, alachlor, diazinon, Burpee and Cole, 1978; Busse et al., 2004; Chakravarty and Chatarpaul, 1990; Mujica et al., 1999; Pasaribu et al., 2013, New directions for integrated weed management: Modern technologies, tools and knowledge discovery, Nicholas E. Korres, ... Reiofeli Salas-Perez, in, ). To control grasses, a postplanting and preemergence application of oxadiazon is often recommended. Triclopyr triethylamine salt; Triclopyr Triethylammonium Salt; Triethylammonium triclopyr. EINECS 260-625-1. For the most efficacious control of crabgrass and annual grasses, the preemergence herbicides need to be applied prior to the germination of the annual grass seeds. The protein AAD-12 also degrades pyridyloxyacetate auxinic herbicides such as triclopyr and fluroxypyr but it only provides commercial level resistance to 2,4-D (Griffin et al., 2013; Wright et al., 2010). The amino group of amino acids are conjugated to carboxylic acid groups on xenobiotics following activation of the chemical to an acyl CoA intermediate (thioether) catalyzed by the enzyme acid:CoA ligase. “The effects of … A survey of rice farms in Benin in 2006 revealed disadoption of a once popular herbicide (Garil, a mix of propanil and, Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology (Second Edition), lists the 11 most common turfgrass weed problems in terms of problem intensity. ... Glyphosate on Cowpea (5.0M) Glyphosate on Barley and … cloransulam. Water solubility increases because the conjugate is an anion at physiological pH and is recognized by organic anion transporters (Guarino et al., 1977; James and Pritchard, 1987). Following with earlier suggestions (Haefele et al., 2000), the emergence of resistant weed populations in rice production systems in Africa needs to be monitored in areas where farmers are reporting herbicides to be less effective. EPA Pesticide Chemical Code 116002. Triclopyr is formulated as triclopyr triethylamine (TEA) salt or triclopyr butoxyethyl ester. Toggle navigation. Very low–23713.98000 ppb, MATC (Maximum Acceptable Toxicant Concentration), Carcinogenicity[83]: EPA Group D, Not classifiable as a human carcinogen, European/International Regulations: Hazard Symbol: Xn, Xi, N; risk phrases: R22; R36; R43; R52; R63; safety phrases: S2; S24; S37; S60; S61 (see Appendix 1). {�ɛ�^'Iԯ���z�K� Some products may be classified as Restricted Use Pesticides (RUP). ×SERVICE ALERT! Triclopyr triethylamine salt is an herbicide used extensively to control woody plants and broadleaf weeds. trifluralin. Triclopyr triethylamine salt. The few active weed scientists in Africa often lack facilities and resources to validate herbicide resistance. Preemergence herbicides are effective control agents for several weeks to months on most annual grass weeds. The perennial wild rice Oryza longistaminata is controlled by pulling up the rhizomes during tillage and by cultivation while the annual wild rice Oryza barthii is partly controlled by preirrigation followed by light hoeing and the uprooting of plants during weeding. If necessary, a third weeding is done at 8 weeks. The evolution of resistance to synthetic auxin analogs has been slow, and several companies have developed HR crops resistant to herbicides within this MOA group for broadleaf weed control. Table 5.1 lists the 11 most common turfgrass weed problems in terms of problem intensity. Triclopyr is formulated as soluble and emulsifiable concentrates, powders, pellets, granules, and liquids. Therefore triclopyr and 2,4-D were approximately 22 and 2.5 times more phytotoxic to poison ivy than glyphosate. Triclopyr triethylamine salt is a selective systemic herbicide that is rapidly absorbed by the green bark, leaves, and roots and distributed throughout the plant. Keith B. Tierney, ... Mark Sekela, in Fish Physiology, 2013. Averaging the LD 50 and LD 95 values for both control evaluations resulted in 0.89, 0.36, and 0.04 kg ae ha −1 for glyphosate, 2,4-D and triclopyr, respectively. Turf can become infested with annual and perennial grasses (not the planted cultivar) and broadleaf plants that are controlled by the use of various herbicides. Triclopyr is an herbicide used to control woody plants and many broadleaf weeds including rights-of-way, industrial areas, forestry, railways, rangeland, home lawns, and permanent grass pastures, rice, turf, and plantation crops such as palm oil. endobj USDOT Hazardous Materials Table 49 CFR 172.101. The salt form of triclopyr can cause permanent eye damage. Triclopry is a systemic herbicide used on rice, range land and pasture, rights-of-way, forestry and grasslands, including home lawns, for control of broadleaf weeds and woody plants. 2710, that includes triclopyr acid, triclopyr triethylamine salt (TEA) and triclopyr butoxyethyl ester (BEE). Confront and Contest can be used in Industrial areas too. Fungicides are known to inhibit mycorrhizas but the impact of herbicides on mycorrhizal colonization and survival is not well understood. stream This treatment method is most useful when there is only one or two stems per plant, or when plants are >8 ft. in height. 2008 ERG (Emergency Response Guidebook) %���� Several common herbicides that are typically used on poison ivy are glyphosate, amitrole, 2,4.D and triclopyr. Triclopyr interferes with normal expansion and division of plant cells, resulting in distorted growth (cupped leaves, twisted stems, plugged vascular tissues). Absorbed by roots, benfluralin inhibits microtubule formation by binding to tubulin, thereby disrupting cell division and leading to microfibril disorientation. Herbaceous plants sprayed with triclopyr may show injury symptoms within 24 hours and usually die in a few days. copper ethylenediamine sulfate salt. Federal Drinking Water Guidelines: 500 ppb[14], Log Kow = < 2.5. cloquintocet (CGA-185072) cloquintocet mexyl ester. Benfluralin is formulated as granules in 42 end-use products and one product in the form of water dispersible granules. Benfluralin is a preemergent herbicide registered to control monocot (one cotyledon: plant embryo with single ‘seed leaf’) and dicot (two cotyledon: plant embryo with two ‘seed leaves’) weeded species in commercial and residential applications. Triclopyr was initially registered with the EPA in 1979 and was reregistered in 1997. Control of nuisance aquatic weeds in lakes and ponds associated with parks and golf courses are also subjected to herbicide treatment. Glyphosate is the most widely used postemergence herbicide in landscape plantings for several reasons. J. Marshall Clark, Michael P. Kenna, in Handbook of Pesticide Toxicology (Second Edition), 2001. Triclopyr is effective on woody plants and is used for brush control in the right of way and defoliation of wooded areas. In this way timely and effective coping strategies for farmers could be identified and introduced. Registered for use in EU countries[115]. x���- ��0@N�[�cg���xc�����D��H��8:_�23�(ڢ\.S��{����o3@�����������ŋ�����Wϟ}�V$B��N.��?I�D���feZ$wϟe�5������d�?�ſ�? The hydrochloride salt, triethylamine hydrochloride (triethylammonium chloride), is a colorless, odorless, and hygroscopic powder, which decomposes when heated to 261 °C. Nicholas E. Korres, ... Reiofeli Salas-Perez, in Advances in Agronomy, 2019. trimexachlor. Freezing/Melting point = 148–150 °C; Specific gravity (H2O:1) = 1.34 @ 20 °C; Boiling point = (decomposes); Freezing/Melting point = 149.5 °C; Vapor pressure = 1.3 × 10–6 mmHg @ 25 °C. The protein AAD-12 also degrades pyridyloxyacetate auxinic herbicides such as, ). For instance, propanil has been observed to be less effective to control E. colona in Senegal than in the past (Haefele et al., 2000). Triclopyr contamination of groundwater has not been reported. The reaction is categorized as a high-affinity, low-medium capacity system; however, it is not considered as effective as the main conjugation reactions since it has a relatively small substrate base. However, this depth must not exceed 5 cm during tillering; otherwise, plant development will be adversely affected. Garlon(R) 3A, the triethylamine salt of triclopyr, had a LC5 and LC50 of 119 and 162.5 mg AE/L, respectively. All three products can be applied undiluted. Y.R. The herbicidal activity of triclopyr is more rapid than that of glyphosate. Uses. Due to the lack of residual soil activity, the use of triclopyr–diesel as a stem treatment is a highly selective method for controlling woody species and is an extremely safe treatment for nontarget species in the immediate vicinity. On upland smallholder plots in which rice is directly sown, weeding is done at least two or three times, the first being within 4 weeks of germination when weeds are about 4 cm tall and the second about 6 weeks later, which is before tillering. Products that contain triclopyr amine, triclopyr ester, or glyphosate are effective for controlling regrowth of stumps of many invasive plant species. In some large fields, draft animals are used for the first weeding or chemical weed killers are applied for those farmers who can afford them. Triclopyr, as the triethylamine salt 44.4% Inert ingredients: 55.6% Water Surfactants Ethanol ... Chlorpyrifos, but not triclopyr, was also detected (Dupuy 1986). Newmaster, S.G. et al. First and foremost, it is effective. Rodriguez, in Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014. The mixture should be applied to the lower 12″–18″ of any smooth bark tree. Chemical classification listed in boldface. The acyl CoA thioether subsequently reacts with the amino acid taurine in fish (James, 1976) to form an acylated amino acid conjugate, catalyzed by acyl-CoA-taurine aminoacyltransferase, which has its highest levels in the mitochondria of fish kidney and liver tissues (James, 1976). Absorbed by roots, benfluralin inhibits microtubule formation by binding to tubulin, thereby disrupting cell division and leading to microfibril disorientation. Decomposes in temperatures > 280 °C. UNII-HB98N76S9A. Triclopyr was approximately nine times more phytotoxic than 2,4-D. 1 0 obj Following application, the preemergence herbicides need to be watered in and the soil should not be disturbed during the target weed seed germination interval. Triclopyr products (often found in garden centers under commercial names like Brush-BGon ®) are generally much more effective on poison … Triclopry is usually available as a, Vanessa Corriher-Olson, ... Monte Rouquette, Management Strategies for Sustainable Cattle Production in Southern Pastures, Stem treatment method uses a 15%–25% mixture of, Fish can conjugate amino acids with xenobiotics (e.g., 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid, 2,4,5-trichlorophenoxyacetic acid, the herbicide, Guarino et al., 1977; James and Pritchard, 1987. In dicamba resistance crops, only dicamba formulations with reduced drift and volatility potential are labeled for over the top use. In 2007, the annual US average nonagriculture use of the active ingredient was an estimated 700 000 pounds. 882J. The removal of weeds is usually done manually using a hoe. Benfluralin can be used alone or formulated with other structurally related preemergent herbicides. The control of grass weeds is primarily accomplished by the application of preemergence herbicides (e.g., benzamide, ethofumesate, pendimethalin, prodiamine, oxadiazon, bensulide, dithiopyr, and simazine). [�֤V�{:H��JNv��)� 1 … Pregnant rats fed the amine salt had offspring that weighed less and had more skeletal abnormalities than offspring from unexposed rats. Broadleaf weeds are controlled predominantly using postemergence herbicides (e.g., Trimec mixtures of 2,4-D, dicamba, and mecoprop; dicamba itself; and Confront mixtures of. Michael T. Rose, ... Lukas Van Zwieten, in Advances in Agronomy, 2016. 1987. There are two forms of triclopyr currently registered for use in the US—the triethylamine (TEA) salt and the butoxyethyl ester (BEE). (1). Herbicide use is expected to increase in the near future and, with it, resistance is likely to develop. Weeding always takes place as early as possible and is repeated to guarantee a high crop yield. Garlont 3A, the triethylamine salt of triclopyr, had a LC5 and LC50 of 119 and 162.5 mg AE/L, respectively. $ Triclopyr was first registered in 1979 for non-crop areas and forests. Triclopyr-triethylammonium [ISO] Triethylammonium triclopyr. White to colorless, feathery solid. <> Total active ingredient usage is unknown. Weed B Gone is ideal for ridding lawns of weeds without killing the lush expanse of bright green blades. The results of field and greenhouse studies are also variable: for example, studies investigating a range of herbicides including trifluralin, alachlor, diazinon, triclopyr, imazapyr, chlorsulfuron, sulfometuron, and glyphosate at a range of rates up to 2× field rates found no effect on colonization of roots by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) or ectomycorrhizal fungi of crop plants or pine trees, respectively, even when plant growth was retarded (Burpee and Cole, 1978; Busse et al., 2004; Chakravarty and Chatarpaul, 1990; Mujica et al., 1999; Pasaribu et al., 2013). copper triethanolamine complex. Vanessa Corriher-Olson, ... Monte RouquetteJr., in Management Strategies for Sustainable Cattle Production in Southern Pastures, 2020. Triclopyr is used to control broadleaf weeds while leaving grasses and conifers unaffected or to control rust diseases on crops. The LC5 and LC50 of Roundupt, the ipa salt of glyphosate formulated with a surfactant, was 6.4 and 9.4 mg AE/L, respectively. This table can be sorted by proper shipping name, UN/NA ID and/or by primary hazard class/division. CMPT. The primary postemergence herbicides for grass weed control in turfgrass are the arsenates [e.g., methylarsonic acid (MSMA), disodium methylarsonate (DSMA), and amine methanearsonate (AMA)]. (2012): paraquat reduced AM colonization in maize roots when used over a 13-year period in comparison to other cover crops and mulch treatments, but there is no indication of whether this was a direct effect of paraquat or due to reduced carbon inputs to soil for 13 years in the interrow where paraquat was sprayed. clopyralid triethylamine salt. J. Rodenburg, D.E. ... triclopyr triethylamine salt. Triclopyr is an herbicide used to control woody plants and many broadleaf weeds including rights-of-way, industrial areas, forestry, railways, rangeland, home lawns, and permanent grass pastures, rice, turf, and plantation crops such as palm oil. The surfactant component of Roundup, polyoxyethyleneamine (POEA), had a LC5 and LC50 of 2.2 and 2.7 mg/L, respectively. Labels related to ingredient - Triclopyr Triethylamine Salt. trifloxysulfuron. ... Glyphosate sodium salt: Uses: A water soluble granular non-selective foliar, systemic herbicide for the control of a wide range of … Triclopyr accumulates in the meristematic tissue (growth region) of the plant. <>/XObject<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageB/ImageC/ImageI] >>/Annots[ 22 0 R] /MediaBox[ 0 0 612 792] /Contents 4 0 R/Group<>/Tabs/S/StructParents 0>> In this case, a mixture of propanil and other active ingredient chemicals like bentazone, phenothiol, or, Michael T. Rose, ... Lukas Van Zwieten, in. Herbicides for Turfgrass Weeds. Tolerances are established for residues of the herbicide triclopyr, including its metabolites and degradates, in or on the commodities in the table below resulting from the application of the butoxyethyl ester of triclopyr, triethylamine salt of triclopyr, or choline salt of triclopyr. Control of nuisance aquatic weeds in lakes and ponds associated with parks and golf courses are also subjected to herbicide treatment. Triclopyr triethylamine salt is a selective systemic herbicide that is rapidly absorbed by the green bark, leaves, and roots and distributed throughout the plant. In this case, a mixture of propanil and other active ingredient chemicals like bentazone, phenothiol, or triclopyr may be applied. Triclopyr (3,5,6-Trichloro-2-pyridinyloxyacetic acid) is an organic compound in the pyridine group that is used as a systemic foliar herbicide and fungicide. DPR's website and databases (including product and label queries and CalPIP) may be unavailable on Sunday, 09/13/2020 from 7:00 AM - 11:00 AM, as connectivity may be interrupted. May react with strong oxidizers such as chlorates, peroxides, nitrates, etc. They are water soluble substances containing glyphosate isopropylamine salt and triclopyr triethylamine as the active ingredients. In soil leaching tests, little or no triclopyr has been found below surface layers. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. ScienceDirect ® is a registered trademark of Elsevier B.V. URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123864543011787, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9781455731480000200, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128144749000116, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123982544000017, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780123864543011660, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780128143834000086, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065211315001492, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065211319300185, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S0065211309030041, URL: https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/B9780124262607500082, Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), 2014, Encyclopedia of Toxicology (Third Edition), Sittig's Handbook of Pesticides and Agricultural Chemicals (Second Edition), Triclopry is a systemic herbicide used on rice, range land and pasture, rights-of-way, forestry and grasslands, including home lawns, for control of broadleaf weeds and woody plants. Unlikely to bioaccumulate in marine organisms. Herbicide Advice for Homeowners by Ken Langeland Wildland Weeds – Fall 2003 Fig. The heavily used Ortho Weed B Gon contains triethylamine salt, which is a form of triclopyr that uses 8 percent of the ingredient. How is triclopyr used? In irrigated or flooded rice fields, maintaining a water depth of about 10–25 cm during cultivation remains an effective means of controlling weeds.