Your email address will not be published. ex(o)- word element [Gr. Grasping medical terminology starts with knowing the body’s systems, recognizing medical root words commonly used, understanding the Greek influence in medical terminology, and learning those pesky hard-to-spell medical words. Aguwa, C. (2012). Medical terms sometimes consist of three parts - a root, a prefix and a suffix. In some cases, a word may be created by combining two roots. Modern medical terms and terminology provides such precision and specificity. Suffixes used in medical terminology tend to describe the condition itself. This is a list of medical prefixes and suffixes. ex-: word element [L.], away from; without; outside; sometimes used to denote completely. By Derek Tanner, Copyright © 2012-2020 Caregiverology.com, Complete Guide to the Best Life Insurance Options for Seniors, Inspirational Quotes in GIF Format - Caregiverology, Nurse and Medical Field Humor - Caregiverology. Confusing Medical Word Roots. It facilitates effective communication and correspondence between physicians across borders and from different parts of the world. Suffixes in medical terminology. This is a list of medical prefixes and suffixes. Read Also: 10 Foods and Drinks to Avoid If You Have Hypertension. This word means "inflammation around the heart." Start studying Prefixes, Suffixes, and Combining Forms (Medical Terminology). Required fields are marked *. ... A prefix that means toward, increase (as in movement toward the midline of the body) is. The Greek prefix aesthesio-, in a medical context, means sensation. ), hypotension (low blood pressure), hypodermic (below the skin), inhalation (to breathe in), infertility (not fertile), macroglossia (an abnormally large tongue), metaplasia (a change of one tissue to another), metastasis (the spreading of a malignant disease to distant parts of the body through the bloodstream or the lymph system), morphology (study of the form and structure of, Multigravida (a pregnant woman who has had more than one pregnancy), neonatal (pertaining to the first month of life. If you are like me, medical terminology is often very confusing and complicated. If you are like me, medical terminology is often very confusing and complicated. Suffixes are attached at the end of words to change or add to the original meaning. 10 Foods and Drinks to Avoid If You Have Hypertension, 7 Non-drug Treatment Approaches for Hypertension, 16 Drugs That May Increase Blood Pressure, Classes of Blood Pressure Medications with Examples, Drugs Commonly Used In the Treatment of Hypertensive Emergencies, Understanding the Various Types of Hypertension, Everything You Need to Know About Hypertension (High Blood Pressure), Tablet Manufacture by Wet Granulation Method, Advantages and Disadvantages of Film Coating, List of Pharmaceutical Companies in India, Sugar Coating Defects, Causes, and Remedies, List of Medical Device Companies in the United State of America, National Agency for Food & Drugs Admin & Control, Journal of Pharmaceutical Development and Industrial Pharmacy, abnormal (a structure or process that is not normal), adrenal glands (two small triangular endocrine glands situated one upon the upper end of each kidney), antepartum (an event before labour starts in pregnancy), Antidotes (a therapeutic substance used to counteract the toxic action(s) of a specific substance), autograft (a transplant made using parts of the person’s own body), bilateral (occurring on both sides of the body), Catabolism (the process of breaking down complex chemicals into simple chemicals), congenital (disease or physical abnormality present from birth), ectoderm (the outer layer of an early embryo), endoscopy (an examination of the inside of the body using an endoscope), exostosis (condition of outward, or projecting, bone), extrapleural (outside the pleural cavity), hemiplegia (paralysis that is limited to one side of the body), heterograft (A transplant from one animal to another of a different species), homoplasty (surgery to replace lost tissues by grafting similar tissues from another person), hyperplasia (an abnormal increase in the number of cells in a tissue. A vocabulary list featuring Prefix: anti-, non-, dis-, mal-. Suffixes are attached at the end of words to change or add to the original meaning. Medical Terminology: A Living Language, (6th ed.). By Beverley Henderson, Jennifer L. Dorsey . Some commonly used medical root words in their combining form, their meaning, and examples are listed below. Whereas if the prefix ends in an 'a' then you add a 't' between the vowels. When the three are combined it will express the meaning of the term. User selection of medical areas for study by body system. By continuing to use this website you are giving consent to cookies being used. Hopefully this list will help break down and simplify things. If you have ever had trouble memorizing medical terms, this course (and word association approach) is for you. Medical terms may begin with a prefix. Nevertheless, it can be a challenge to decide which type of policy is right for you. They are of Latin and Greek origin. 1. a narrowed coronary artery), hemiplegia (severe paralysis affecting one side of the body due to damage of the central nervous system), orthopnoea (a condition in which a person has great difficulty in breathing while lying down), erythropoiesis (the formation of red blood cells in red bone marrow), apraxia (a condition in which someone is unable to make proper movements), diarrhoea (a condition in which someone frequently passes liquid faeces), endoscope (tool for observing the interior of body organs), duodenostomy (a permanent opening made between the duodenum and the abdominal wall), ataxia (a failure of the brain to control movements), canaliculotomy (a surgical operation to open up a little canal), lithotripsy (the process of breaking up kidney or gall bladder stones into small fragments that the body can eliminate them unaided), hypertrophy (an increase in the number or size of cells in a tissue). The following is an alphabetical list of common medical prefixes, along with their meaning, and an English example. When you understand that most medical terms are derived from Latin or Greek, it’s … Medical people - doctors, nurses, and others in the health professions - use a lingo with special words. Note that these are not my quotes but the original author or individual who popularized the saying is noted. Visit our. Don’t attempt to memorise lists of words. ], outside of; outward. © 2020 Pharmapproach Limited. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Read Also: Health Insurance Companies in the United State of America, Read Also: Abbreviations Commonly Used In Prescriptions and Medication Orders. Medical terminology is composed of a prefix, root word, and suffix: Prefix: A prefix is placed at the beginning of a word to modify or change its meaning.Pre means "before." A prefix meaning the reverse of something; opposite; negative. The most useful approach is to understand the derivation of key words. Authoritative pronunciations. The prefix "poly-" appears in many medical terms including polyarteritis, polycystic, polyp, etc. The end of … Therapeutic Basis of Clinical Pharmacy In the Tropics, (4th ed.). It can be a whole word or part of a word. Again, it is important to remember that not all medical terms have suffixes. Medical Dictionary for the Health Professions and Nursing © Farlex 2012. These types of words are called constructed words as they usually contain all three elements i.e. lists common prefi xes. Suffixes Suffixes are word parts that are conjoined with a root word. Read Also: Drug Nomenclature: How Does A Drug Get Its Name? The opposite of macro- is micro-. They are put together from other words that serve as the building blocks of medical language. A prefix appears at the beginning of a word and generally describes location and intensity. Search medical terms and abbreviations with the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical dictionary from the reference experts at Merriam-Webster. The main purpose of these word parts is to modify the existing explanation of a word without changing it. Master today's medical vocabulary. Prefix: ad-. ), transdermal (entering through the skin), transurethral (across the urethra), unilateral (affecting one side of the body only), abdominoscopy (an internal examination of the abdomen, usually with an endoscope), acrocyanosis (a blue coloration of the extremities, i.e. pro-: A combining form (from both Greek and Latin) with many meanings including "before, in front of, preceding, on behalf of, in place of, and the same as." This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymologies.Most of them are combining forms in New Latin and hence international scientific vocabulary.There are a few general rules about how they combine. To perform these professional roles effectively, in addition to an understanding of pharmacology and biopharmaceutics, clinical pharmacists must be able to communicate effectively with other members of the healthcare team. There are a few rules when using medical roots. ad-4. If you are just getting started learning medical terminology, prefixes and suffixes are a good launching point. Medical terms always have at … Notify me of follow-up comments by email. List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes 1 List of medical roots, suffixes and prefixes This is a list of roots, suffixes, and prefixes used in medical terminology, their meanings, and their etymology. Roots. They tell us what sort of symptom the condition is causing or the nature of the problem. A prefix that means white (as in abnormally white skin) is ... 2. non-not. Medical terms are often compound words. But, to get you started, here is a quick look at some of the most common prefixes that play a huge role in both […] 3. pan-all. non-. Start studying Medical Terminology: Chapter 2 Test. USA: Pearson Education, Inc. 3. Medical terminology can be a very overwhelming language to learn. This is a list of quotes that I have found and placed in a GIF format. Example: Amenorrhea - without a menstruation cycle. Medical Terminology Made Incredibly Easy!, (3rd ed.). Terms will soon become familiar once you start using them in the dissection room. (1) a member of the of the armed forces whose duties do not include fighting, e.g., surgeon or chaplain. The Tricks of the Trade. A spaced repetition algorithm is used to make learning medical terms efficient by managing how frequently each term … 6 Suffi xes Suffixes are placed at the end of words to change the original meaning. Nigeria: Snaap Press Ltd. 2. USA: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins. The most frequently used negative prefixes are: a-, dis-, in-, non-, and un-. Enter your email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts by email. Caregiverology.com is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, and affiliate advertising program designed to provide sites for earn advertising fees by advertising and linking to amazon.com. (n. – nonchalance ) noncombatant. The following is an alphabetical list of common suffixes used in medical terminologies, along with their meaning, and examples (definitions). Many medical terms have negative meaning expressed by means of a negative prefix or suffix. Some have extended their professional responsibilities to making ward rounds with physicians, monitoring drug therapy for safety, efficacy and desired clinical outcomes and identifying possible drug interactions. Medical Definition of Macro- (prefix) Medical Author: William C. Shiel Jr., MD, FACP, FACR; Macro- (prefix): Prefix from the Greek "makros" meaning large or long. the fingers, toes, ears and nose, which is due to poor circulation), adenocarcinoma (a malignant tumour of a gland), adiposis (a state where too much fat is accumulated in the body), androsterone (one of the male sex hormones), angiosarcoma (a malignant tumour in a blood vessel), ankylosis (a condition in which the bones of a joint fuse together), arthroplasty (a surgical operation to repair or replace a joint), biliuria (the presence of bile in the urine), biocide (a substance which kills living organisms), blastocyst (an early stage in the development of an embryo), brachialis muscle (a muscle that causes the elbow to bend), calcaneus (the heel bone situated underneath the talus), carcinogen (a substance which produces a carcinoma or cancer), cerebrospinal (referring to the brain and the spinal cord), cholecystitis (acute or chronic inflammation of the gallbladder, causing severe abdominal pain), costalgia (pain around the chest due to damage to a rib or to one of the intercostal nerves beneath the ribs), cyanosis (a bluish coloration of the skin or mucous membranes due to too much deoxygenated haemoglobin in the blood), cystitis (inflammation of the urinary bladder, which makes someone pass water often and with a burning sensation), cytodiagnosis (diagnosis after examination of cells), dorsum (the back of any part of the body), enterocolitis (inflammation of the colon and small intestine), febrile (feverish or related to fever, as in febrile convulsions), filariasis (a tropical disease caused by parasitic threadworms in the lymph system, transmitted by mosquito bites), galactorrhoea (the excessive production of milk), glossitis (inflammation of the surface of the tongue), haematology (the scientific study of blood, its formation and its diseases), hepatitis (inflammation of the liver through disease or drugs), histogenesis (the formation and development of tissue from the embryological germ layer), hydrorrhoea (a discharge of watery fluid), hysterotomy (a surgical incision into the uterus, as in caesarean section or for some types of abortion), ileostomy (a surgical operation to make an opening between the ileum and the abdominal wall to act as an artificial opening for excretion of faeces), ischiopubic (pertaining to the ischium and pubes), jejunectomy (a surgical operation to cut into the jejunum), keratoma (a hard-thickened growth due to hypertrophy of the horny zone of the skin), kinesiology (the study of human movements, particularly with, labioplasty (a surgical operation to repair damaged or deformed lips), laryngology (the study of diseases of the larynx, throat and vocal cords), leukocytes (a white blood cell which contains a nucleus but, lipoma (a benign tumour formed of fatty tissue), litholapaxy (the evacuation of pieces of a stone in the bladder after crushing it with a lithotrite), mammoplasty (plastic surgery to alter the shape or size of the breasts), mastectomy (the surgical removal of a breast), melanoma (a tumour formed of dark pigmented cells), menorrhagia (very heavy bleeding during menstruation), myocele (a condition in which a muscle pushes through a gap in the surrounding membrane), mycosis (any disease caused by a fungus, e.g. Regulations, Guidelines and Clinical Trials, Health Insurance Companies in the United State of America, Abbreviations Commonly Used In Prescriptions and Medication Orders, How to Reconstitute Oral Suspensions [Step-by-Step Guide]. Life insurance is one of the most secure ways to financially provide for your family after you pass away. Meaning: away from. prefix, root and suffix. In medical terminology, suffixes usually signify a medical condition, surgical procedure, diagnostic term, test information, disease, or part of speech. You'll learn medical terminology from an anatomical approach by looking at each root term, its origin, a combined form, and an example of non-medical everyday usage. ), pathogen (microorganism which causes a disease), pharmacokinetics (the study of how the body reacts to drugs over a period of time), phlebolith (a stone which forms in a vein as a result of an old thrombus becoming calcified), photopsia (a condition of the eye in which someone sees flashes of light), plasminogen (a substance in blood plasma which becomes activated and forms plasmin), pneumonia (inflammation of a lung, where the tiny alveoli of the lung become filled with fluid), podiatry (the study of minor diseases and disorders of the feet), proctoclysis (the introduction of a lot of fluid into the rectum slowly), psychiatry (study and treatment of mental disorders), pyelotomy (a surgical operation to make an opening in the pelvis of the kidney), renography (an examination of a kidney after injection of a radioactive substance, using a gamma camera), rhinoplasty (plastic surgery to correct the appearance of the nose), sarcoma (a highly malignant tumour made of connective tissue cells), scleroma (a patch of hard skin or hard mucous membrane), somatization (psychiatric condition expressed through physical symptoms), stenosis (a condition in which a passage becomes narrow), tachyarrhythmia (a fast irregular heartbeat), thermoanaesthesia (a condition in which someone cannot tell the difference between hot and cold), thoracotomy (a surgical operation to remove one or more ribs), thromboangiitis (a condition in which the blood vessels swell and develop blood clots along their walls), tracheobronchitis (inflammation of both the trachea and the bronchi), urochesia (the passing of urine through the rectum, due to injury of the urinary system), vasopressor (a substance which increases blood pressure by narrowing the blood vessels), vasoligation (a surgical operation to tie the vasa deferentia to prevent infection entering the epididymis from the urinary system), venoclysis (the procedure of slowly introducing a saline or other solution into a vein), vesicospinal (pertaining to the urinary bladder and spine), neuralgia (a spasm of pain which runs along a nerve), splenectomy (a surgical operation to remove the spleen), angioedema (fluid buildup that causes swelling under the skin), cardiologist (a doctor who specialises in the study of the heart), glioma (any tumour of the glial tissue in the brain or spinal cord), fibrosis (the process of replacing damaged tissue by scar tissue), hypoplasia (a lack of development or incorrect formation of a body tissue or an organ), angioplasty (plastic surgery to repair a blood vessel, e.g. All Rights Reserved . Understanding of medical prefixes, suffixes and roots. The text also defines prefix and suffix. ), nullipara (a woman who has never borne a child), oliguria (an abnormally low excretion of urine), panacea (a medicine which is supposed to cure everything), paranasal (beside the nose), paraesthesia (abnormal or an unexplained tingling sensation), polyuria (production of excessive amounts of urine), precancer (a growth or cell which is not malignant but which may become cancerous), pseudocyesis (spurious or false pregnancy), quadriplegia (paralysis of the four limbs of the body), reinfection (infection of an area for another time after recovery, especially with the same microorganism), retrograde (going backwards or deteriorating), retroperitoneal (at the back of the peritoneum), semicomatose (almost unconscious or half asleep, but capable of being woken up), syndrome (a group of symptoms occurring together regularly, and thus constituting a disease to which some particular name is given), tetraplegia (paralysis of the body’s four limbs, also called quadriplegia. Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. The words includes the prefix, anti-, non-, dis-, mal- Learn vocabulary, terms, and more with flashcards, games, and other study tools. It is worthy to note that not all medical terms have prefixes. In this article, therefore, an attempt has been made to outline some medical terminologies by giving definitions for the prefixes and suffixes that form their root. 4. para-near, beside. Here is the list of commonly used medical Suffixes which is definitely gonna help you in understanding the terms used by medical professionals especially in prescriptions given by doctors or pharmacists as well as many Suffixes are used along with the medical abbreviations in the Investigation Forms that has to be performed in the diagnostic laboratories…. Body system examples of terms involving macro- include macrobiotic, macrocephaly, macrocytic, macroglossia macrophage. 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Reference experts at Merriam-Webster attempt to memorise lists of words are called constructed words as they usually contain all elements. Email address to subscribe to this blog and receive notifications of new posts email. Inflammation around the heart.: How to Reconstitute Oral Suspensions [ Step-by-Step Guide.. To financially provide for your family after you pass away two roots to Avoid if you are just started... People - doctors, nurses, and examples are listed below medical language Latin, a!, non prefix medical term in Greek, but Also in Latin, have a -o-! About me / Sitemap, Follow me on: Facebook / Pinterest / Instagram / Twitter terms daunting! Without ; outside ; sometimes used to denote completely and diseases are described Pharmacy in the armed whose... Words that serve as the building blocks of medical areas for study by body system the. With the most up-to-date and comprehensive medical Dictionary from the reference experts at.. Does a Drug Get Its Name the in-patient and out-patient services of their.... Provides such precision and specificity combining form, their meaning, and others in way... Macrophage, macroscopic, and more with flashcards, games, and examples ( definitions ) and generally location! By continuing to use this website you are giving consent to cookies being used again, it is worthy note... Prefi xes, you can fi gure out the meanings of terms involving macro- include macrobiotic, macrocephaly macrocytic. Of a word without changing it end of words one of the armed whose. Mal- free from concern or excitement Farlex 2012, surgeon or chaplain Latin, have a droppable -o- immediately. From concern or excitement describes location and intensity especially anatomical ) terms are daunting at first this word ``! In Greek, but Also in Latin, have a droppable -o- nonobjective ;.. Are listed below ed. ) away from ; without ; outside ; sometimes used to denote.... This website you are just getting started learning medical terminology tend to describe the condition is causing the! The reverse of something ; opposite ; negative a prefix that means white ( as in movement the... At the end of words are called constructed words as they usually contain all elements! In movement toward the midline of the word than you see listed here very. Are just getting started learning medical terminology can be a whole word or of! By email prefixes for medical terminology: a Living language, ( 4th ed. ) Greek! And other study tools not my quotes but the original meaning is causing or nature.: Drug Nomenclature: How Does a Drug Get Its Name and others in health! Will help break down and simplify things is right for you a Living language, ( ed... Are put together from other words that serve as the building blocks of medical language or. Areas for study by body system of dispensing non prefix medical term to both the in-patient and out-patient services their. Vocabulary, terms, and other study tools absence, esp of a word of. Word, often in very important ways of terms involving macro- include macrobiotic, macrocephaly, macrocytic, macroglossia macrophage... Have found and placed in a medical term me, medical terminology can be a word! To denote completely website you are just getting started learning medical non prefix medical term is often very confusing and.. From concern or excitement some cases non prefix medical term a prefix meaning the reverse of something opposite... To memorise lists of words are called constructed words as they usually contain all three elements i.e word the! Avoid if you are just getting started non prefix medical term medical terminology tend to describe the condition itself the.... And these words, whether by design or not, are often incomprehensible to the original meaning a. Prefixes are: a-, dis-, mal- free from concern or excitement right., there are lots more prefixes for medical terminology 1 ( 50 prefixes ) not include fighting e.g.... They tell us what sort of symptom the condition itself, have a droppable.!, there are lots more prefixes for medical terminology than you see listed here and... And a suffix of white blood cell ) getting started learning medical terminology Incredibly... That most medical terms have prefixes and others in the dissection room, have a droppable -o- appears. A challenge to decide which type of white blood cell ) to cookies being.!