A sugar substitute that harms cats and dogs. The toxic factor of onions is caused by the presence of the chemical N-propyl disulfide, to which felines are especially affected, even more so than canines. The symptoms of fluorine poisoning in cats are gastroenteritis, nervous signs, increase of heart rate and even death. Cheeke PR. The list of possible signs of poisoning in cats is very long, depending on the mode of action of the poison. While most cases aren’t life-threatening in healthy adult cats, kittens, senior cats and cats, who are immunocompromised are at higher risk. This means the signs are general ones such as vomiting, diarrhoea, tremors, or seizures, and it’s not possible to reach a definitive diagnosis as to which poison has been taken (or even if poisoning is the cause of the symptoms.) N Z Vet J 34 (5), 77-78 PubMed. Cats and Japanese dog breeds (Shiba Inu, Akita) tend to have an even greater sensitivity to onion poisoning because of an inherited, non-fatal defect in red blood cell formation. Xylitol, a sugar substitute that is often used in many low-carb homes can be deadly, while garbage and expired food items can also be potentially harmful. Feline Pract 11 (1), 22-27 VetMedResource. Eating garbage or feeding food which is out of date, improperly stored or improperly handled. Second, when a cat develops sudden onset signs of illness, with no obvious cause. Signs of poisoning in cats that have ingested painkillers include difficulty breathing, pale blue gums and swelling of the paws and face. Onion poisoning of livestock. Scientific Name: Allium cepa. In general, there are two occasions when cat carers should suspect poisoning. Danville, Ill: Interstate Publishers, 1998;305-306. Kay J M (1983) Onion toxicity in a dog. If the poisoning is severe, immediate intravenous administration of calcium gluconate or oral administration of magnesium hydroxide or milk will be necessary; these substances will link themselves with the ions of fluorine. Robertson JE, Christopher MM, Rogers QR. Clinical Signs: Vomiting, breakdown of red blood cells (hemolytic anemia, Heinz body … Modern Veterinary Practice 64 (6), 477-478 VetMedResource. First, when a cat has had known contact with a specific poison of some kind. In: Natural toxicants in feeds, forages, and poisonous plants, 2nd ed. ... Keep the fruit bowl away from your cat to stay safe. Vet Med 2005;100:562-566. Onions and garlic and other members of the allium family of vegetables. According to the ASPCA, onions are of high toxicity to cats, along with dogs and horses. 3. Other sources of information Kobayashi K (1981) Onion poisoning in a cat. 4. Animal Poison Control; Toxic and Non-Toxic Plants; Onion. Toxicity: Toxic to Dogs, Toxic to Cats, Toxic to Horses. Family: Liliaceae. Cats are attracted to them, but they contain a very bitter tasting liquid called dibutyl phthalate. That equates to just 2.5 ounces of onion in a 30-pound dog. It’s best to bring it to the vet immediately to arrest the poisoning right away. If your cat has ingested a substantial amount of onion, you shouldn’t wait for the symptoms to occur. Food poisoning is another common cause of poisoning in cats. One-half of one percent (0.5%) of a pet’s body weight in ingested onions is sufficient to cause toxicity. While rarely deadly, just one bite into glow sticks can cause your cat to drool profusely. Most of the symptoms of poisoning are ‘non-specific’. Smith C H & Ellison R S (1986) Concurrent onion poisoning and haematuria in a dog. Other common sources of poison to cats include: Gum and candy that contain xylitol. Symptoms of Poisoning in Cats. Allium species poisoning in dogs and cats. 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